Šķirnes standarts / Breed Standard


FCI-Standard N° 57 / 13.09.2000 / GB



(Rövidszörü Magyar Vizsla)


ORIGIN: Hungary.




UTILISATION: A versatile gun dog that must be able to work in the field, forest and water, having the following typical qualities: an excellent nose, firmness on the point, excellent retrieves and determination to remain on the scent even when swimming, which he manifestly enjoys. He copes with difficult terrain as well as extreme weather conditions. As he is intended to be an efficient hunting dog, gun and game shyness, unwillingness to point and retrieve, as well as a dislike of water are undesirable. Because of his easy going nature and his adaptability, he can easily be kept as a companion dog in the house.



Group   7 Pointing Dogs.                  

Section 1 Continental Pointing Dogs.

With working trial (Field and Water Trial)


BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The ancestors of the Hungarian Vizsla came into the Carpathian Basin with the nomadic Hungarian tribes. Written descriptions and graphic illustrations are found in documents of the 14th century already. From the 18th century, his importance as a hunting dog has been increasing steadily.

As early as the end of the 19th century, competitions for pointing dogs were organised in Hungary, in which Hungarian Vizslas (among others) participated with great success.


In those days, other Gundog breeds most likely played an important part in the development of the breed.


The specific modern breeding started in 1920, as a result of which, the Short-Haired Hungarian Vizsla received recognition by the FCI in 1936.


GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium sized, elegant gun dog of noble appearance with short russet gold coat. His rather light, dry, lean structure embodies the harmony of beauty and strength.



The body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.

The depth of the brisket is slightly less than half the height at the withers.

The muzzle is slightly shorter than half the length of the head.


BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Lively, friendly, evenly tempered, to be trained easily. His outstanding willingness to keep contact with his master while working is one of his essential qualities. He cannot bear rough treatment and must be neither aggressive nor shy.


HEAD: Dry, noble, well proportioned.



Skull: Moderately wide, slightly domed. A slightly pronounced groove runs from the moderately developed occiput towards the stop. The superciliary ridges are moderately developed.

Stop: Moderate.



Nose: Well developed and broad with nostrils as wide as possible. The colour of the nose harmonises in a dark shading with the coat colour.

Muzzle: Blunt, not pointed; with strong jaws, strongly muscled. The bridge of the nose is straight,

Lips: Tightly fitting, no pendulous flews.

Jaws/Teeth: Powerful jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws; with 42 healthy teeth according to the dentition formula.

Cheeks: Strong, well muscled.

Eyes: Slightly oval, of medium size. Well fitting eyelids. Intelligent and lively expression. The brown eye harmonising with the coat colour, as dark as possible preferred.

Leathers: Set on at medium height, a little backwards. Fine leathers hanging closely to the cheeks, ending in a rounded V shape. The length is about three quarters of the length of the head.


NECK: Of medium length, harmonising with the overall appearance. The nape very muscular and slightly arched. Tightly fitting skin at the throat.



Withers: Pronounced and muscular.

Back: Solid, strong, well muscled, taut and straight. The vertebral spines should be hidden by the muscles.

Loin: Short, broad, tight, muscular, straight or slightly arched. The portion from back to loin is well coupled.

Croup: Broad and of sufficient length, not cut off short. Sloping slightly to the tail. Well muscled.

Chest: Deep and broad with well developed, well muscled, moderately arched forechest; sternum extending as far back as possible. The sternum and the elbow should be at the same level. Ribs moderately arched. Last ribs carried well back.

Underline: Elegant, tight, arching line towards the rear, slightly tucked up.


TAIL: Set on slightly low, strong at the base, then tapering. In countries where tail docking is not prohibited by law, the tail may be shortened by one quarter to avoid hunting hazards. If tail docking is prohibited, the tail reaches down to the hock joint and carried straight or slightly sabre like.

On the move, it is raised up to the horizontal. It is well covered by dense coat.




FOREQUARTERS: Viewed from the front, straight and parallel. Viewed from the side, legs are vertical and placed well under the body. Good bones, strongly muscled.

Shoulders: Long, sloping and flat, well attached shoulder blade. Flexible. Strong, dry musculature. Well angulated between shoulder blade and upper arm.

Upper arm: As long as possible. Well muscled.

Elbows: Fitting close to the body, however not tied in, turning neither in nor out. Well angulated between upper arm and forearm.

Forearm: Long, straight, sufficiently muscled. Bone strong, but not coarse.

Pastern joint: Strong, tight.

Pastern: Short, only very slightly sloping.

Forefeet: Slightly oval, with well knit, sufficiently arched, strong toes. Strong brown nails. Tough, resistant, slate grey pads. The feet are parallel when standing or moving.


HINDQUARTERS: Viewed from behind, straight and parallel. Well angulated. Strong bone.

Upper thigh: Long and muscular. Good angulation between pelvis and upper thigh.

Stifle: Well angulated

Lower thigh: Long, well muscled and sinewy. Its length is almost equal to that of the upper thigh. Good angulation between lower thigh and metatarsus.

Hock joint: Strong, dry and sinewy, rather well let down.


Metatarsus: Vertical, short and dry.

Hind feet: Similar to forefeet.


GAIT/MOVEMENT: The typical gait is an animated, light-footed trot, elegant and far reaching, with much drive and corresponding reach. Not exhausting gallop when working in the field. The back is firm and the topline remains level. Good, upright carriage. Pacing undesirable.


SKIN: Tightly fitting, without folds. The skin is well pigmented.



HAIR: Short and dense, should be coarse and hard at the touch. On the head and the leathers, it should be thinner, silkier and shorter. The hair underneath the tail should be slightly, but not noticeably, longer. It should cover all of the body; the underside of the belly is a little lighter coated. No undercoat.


COLOUR: Various shades of russet gold and dark sandy gold (semmelgelb). The leathers may be a little darker, otherwise uniform in colour. Red, brownish or lightened colour is undesirable. A little white patch on the chest or at the throat, not more than 5 cm in diameter, as well as white markings on the toes are not considered faulty. The colour of the lips and the eyerims corresponds to the colour of the nose.





Dogs:     58 - 64 cm

Bitches:  54 - 60 cm


It is ineffective to increase the height at the withers. A medium size should be aimed at. Overall balance and symmetry are much more important than the mere measurable size.


FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportions to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.



Any type of weakness in temperament.

Distinct deviations from the characteristics of the breed.

Strong deviation from the sexual characteristics.

Atypical head.

Spotted(butterfly) nose

Pendulous or dribbling flews.

Under- or overshot mouth. Wry mouth, including all intermediate forms.

One or more missing incisors and/or canine and/or premolars 2-4 and/or molars 1-2; more than two missing PM1; the M3 are disregarded. Not visible teeth are assessed as missing ones. Supernumerary teeth not in line with the o-others.

Cleft palate, harelip.

Light yellow eyes. Very loose eyelids; ectropion, entropion. Distichiasis (double row of eyelashes).

Pronounced dewlap.


Very faulty movement.

Atypical coat.

Dark brown or pale yellow colour. Parti-coloured, not uniformly coloured. White chest patch larger than 5 cm.

White feet.

Lacking pigmentation either on the skin or on the lips and eyerims.

Deviation of more than 2 cm from the above mentioned heights at withers.


Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

NB:   Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.



Ungāru vižla ir viena no ungāru nacionālajām šķirnēm līdztekus ungāru dzinējsuņiem un aitu suņiem. Ungāru tautas nacionālais lepnums. Ne velti. Vižlas ir lieliski medību suņi un arī ideāli ģimenes kompanjonsuņi.

Par ungāru augstmaņu dzeltenā putnu suņa izcelsmi ir vairāk leģendu un mazāk apstiprinātu faktu. Skaidri zināms, ka jau 9.gs. tautu migrācijas laikā, kad maģāru ciltis ienāca mūsdienu Ungārijas teritorijā, viņiem medībās palīdzēja vižlām līdzīgi suņi. Šie suņi ar laiku tika krustoti ar citām medību suņu šķirnēm. Tā, piemēram, turku invāzijas laikā, 16. gs. sākumā maģāriem piederošie suņi tika krustoti ar turku ievestajiem dzinējsuņiem (dzeltenajiem Transilvānijas dzinējsuņiem).

19. gs beigās ungāru augstmaņu vidū medības kļuva populāras kā sports. Uz Ungāriju medībās brauca arī svešzemnieki un ungāriem ienāca prātā savu šķirni uzlabot, krustojot ar citu zemju medību suņiem, galvenokārt ar angļu pointeriem un īru setteriem.

Pēc laika tīrasiņu vižlu bija atlicis maz un nacionālais dārgums bija jāglābj.

Tāds aicinājums 1916. gadā tika publicēts ungāru medību šurnālā „NIMROD”. Pamazām šī ideja rada piekritējus un ungāru mednieku apvienības biedri uzsāka tīrasiņu vižlu meklēšanu un reģistrāciju. 1920. gadā tika nodibināta vižlu audzētāju apvienība, tika izveidots pirmais šķirnes standarts. 1924. gadā tika nodibināts vižlu klubs, 1936. gadā šķirne tika oficiāli atzīta FCI.

Sākās darbs pie šķirnes saglabāšanas un pilnveides. 20 gadu laikā Ungārijā tika reģistrēti ap 5000 šķirnes suņu. Pēc Otrā pasaules kara šķirnei atkal draudēja iznīcība. Kad kara beigās Ungārijā iesoļoja sarkanarmieši, daudzi ungāri nogalinaja savus suņus, lai tie netiktu iekarotājiem, daudzi emigrēja uz ārzemēm. Runā, ka pēdējais vižlu kluba prezidents pirms emigrācijas, noslēpa ciltsgrāmatu un kluba biedru sanāksmju protokolus. Bez šiem dokumentiem identificēt suņus un atjaunot šķirni bija praktiski nepiespējami. Bet darbs sākās no jauna, tika meklēti tipiski šķirnes pārstāvji ar teicamu medību instinktu, reģistrēti, pāroti utt… šķirne tika atjaunota arī, pateicoties ārvalstīs mītošajiem suņiem. Šķirne atdzima un strauji iemantoja popularitāti ārpus Ungārijas robežām.

No mūsu pieredzes

Vižlas ir izclili medību suņi, apveltīti ar lielisku ožu, kustību ātrumu, bez tam ir ļoti apķērīgi dažādās situācijās. Pateicoties savai tieksmei uz saikni ar cilvēku un draudzīgajam raksturam, šie suņi var būt ari lieliski ģimenes suņi. Tomēr, kā katrai šķirnei, arī vižlām piemīt savas pozitīvās un negatīvās īpašības. Te dažas šķirnei un mūsu suņiem raksturīgas iezīmes.



1)      nav agresīvi, nepiemīt tieksme dominēt pār cilvēku:

2)      nav sargsuņi, tomēr ir modri savas ģimenes un teritorijas aizstāvji;

3)      ārkārtīgi draudzīgi un vienlīdzīgi pieķeras visiem ģimenes locekļiem, tai skaitā bērniem;

4)      viegli sadzīvo ar citiem mājdzīvniekiem;

5)      apķērīgi, gudri, viegli apmācāmi, ar tieksmi paklausīt, pakļauties, izdabāt un palīdzēt saimniekam;

6)      viegli atsaucami, nav problēmu pastaigās bez pavadas, nebēg prom no saimnieka un mājām;

7)      nav alerģiski un izvēlīgi ēdiena ziņā;

8)      viegli adaptējas un pielāgojas jauniem apstākļiem;

9)   veselīga šķirne, nopietnas saslimšanas gadās reti. 



1)      ļoti aktīvi, prasa no saimnieka daudz laika un uzmanības un fiziskas slodzes nodrošināšanu. Ja suni nepietiekami nodarbina fiziski un morāli, suns var uzvedībā kļūt destruktīvs, grauzt, kasīt, rakt, plosīt un postīt;

2)      mēdz riet aiz bezdarbības;

3)      ēdelīgi, čiepj pārtiku no galda;

4)      jūtīgi, grūti apvaldīt emocijas, piemēram, satiekoties, lēkā aiz prieka. Neuzmanības gadījumā ar straujajām kustībām var savainot bērnus;

5)      vižlas ir gudri un patstāvīgi domājoši suņi, nepareizi audzinot, var kļūt stūrgalvīgi un ietiepīgi.

6)   nav piemēroti dzīvei ārā, voljēros vai pie ķēdes.


Raksturīgākā šķirnes iezīme ir vēlēšanās būt pastāvīgā kontaktā ar cilvēku, būt par līdztiesīgu ģimenes locekli. Tas nozīmē darīt jebko, bet kopā ar saimnieku - medīt, skriet, braukt ar riteni, vilk ragavas, iet pastaigās vai vienkārši atrasties saimniekam līdzās. Ja spēsiet nodrošināt sunim pietiekamu fizisko slodzi un veltīt diezgan daudz sava laika un uzmanības, tad vižla Jums sagādās nemazums prieka!

No mūsu kucēnu saimnieku pieredzes